The United States of America is one of the four original countries of the ITC project. It was chosen due to its economic leadership on the world-stage, and also due to the fact that it has not yet ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), which allows for the comparative evaluation of policies at sub-national level. The USA signed the FCTC on May 10, 2003.
|Capital City||Washington, D.C.|
|Population (2006 estimate)||298,444,215|
|Life expectancy at birth (2002 estimate)||Men: 75 years, Women: 80 years|
|Healthy life expectancy (2002 estimate)||Men: 67.2 years, Women: 71.3 years|
|Ethnic groups||White 81.7%, Black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2%|
|GDP per capita (2004)||$39,901|
|Median age||36.5 years|
- The main form of tobacco used is the cigarette.
- The overall smoking prevalence has been on the decline since 1965, however a trend showing increased prevalence for people under 30 years of age has developed since 1995.
- In 2004, the smoking prevalence was found to be approximately 20.9%. This prevalence is slightly lower than the 21.6% and 22.5% prevalence statistics measured the two years previous.
Smoking legislation in the United States is largely sub-national. No state has a lower minimum age than 18 years old for purchasing tobacco, although not all states penalize minors for purchase, possession, or both. Smoking bans also vary by state, with some states having very strict anti-smoking legislation, and others having no smoke-free laws whatsoever. Advertising bans are mostly implemented at the federal level, though only partial bans exist for sponsorship of events by tobacco companies, and advertising in shop windows.
United States Contact Information
Janine Ouimet, Project Manager. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Michael K. Cummings, Principal Investigator. Email: email@example.com
ITC Affiliated Institutions:
Sources: World Health Organization, CIA World Factbook, National Center for Health Statistics 2003 (NHIS Data), MMWR 2005 Nov 11;54(44):1121-4.