The purpose of the ITC project in Uruguay is to monitor the reactions and support for tobacco control policies in an important middle-income South American country that possesses strong tobacco control policies, such as graphic warning labels and smoke-free laws. Uruguay signed the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control on June 19, 2003, and later ratified the treaty on September 9, 2004.
|Population (2007 estimate)||3,460,607|
|Life expectancy at birth (2002 estimate)||Men: 71 years, Women: 79 years|
|Healthy life expectancy (2002 estimate)||Men: 63 years, Women: 69.4 years|
|Ethnic groups||White 88%, Mestizo 8%, Black 4%|
|GDP per capita (2004)||$9,630|
|Median age||32.9 years|
Smoking Prevalence and Associated Costs:
- Tobacco is mainly consumed in the form of cigarettes.
- The overall prevalence decreased from 1990 to 1998, from 35.8%, but then increased again between 1998 and 2003. The proportion of male adult smokers in 1990 and 2003 was 40.9% and 45% respectively. The proportion of female adult smokers was 26.6% and 24.3% for the same years.
- Lung cancer has increased in men, but stayed constant in women between 1960 and 1990.
- Health warnings are mandatory on all cigarette packages.
- The minimum age of purchase is 18.
- In March 2005, tobacco advertisements, promotion and sponsorship at sports and public events were banned.
- In February 2006, smoking was outlawed in all indoor public environments.
Uruguay Contact Information
Mary McNally, Project Manager. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Marcelo Boado, Co-Investigator. Email: email@example.com
ITC Affiliated Institutions:
Sources: World Health Organization, World Health Survey 2003, Shafey et al 2003 (http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_data/country_profiles/en/index.html)