The purpose of the ITC project in Mexico is to monitor the reactions and support for tobacco control policies in an important middle-income North American country that has ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and is yet to implement new policies. Mexico signed the FCTC on August 12, 2003, and ratified the treaty on May 28, 2004.
|Capital City||Mexico City|
|Population (2007 estimate)||108,700,891|
|Life expectancy at birth (2002 estimate)||Men: 72 years, Women: 77 years|
|Healthy life expectancy (2002 estimate)||Men: 63.3 years, Women: 67.6 years|
|Ethnic groups||Mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, White 9%, Other 1%|
|GDP per capita (2004)||$10,158|
|Median age||25.6 years|
Smoking Prevalence and Associated Costs:
- The main source of tobacco used in Mexico is cigarettes.
- Urban smoking prevalence surveys have shown a different trend in men and women since 1971. The proportion of male smokers has increased from 44% to 51% in 1998. The proportion of female smokers jumped from 16% to 20% in 1988, and then decreased to 14% in 1990, and then was last reported at 18% in 1998.
- The mortality rate of lung cancer jumped 220% between 1970 and 1990.
- Half of Mexican smokers start smoking in their teen years.
- Partial restriction on tobacco advertising.
- Warning labels are mandatory.
- Sales to minors is allowed.
- Pictorial health warnings introduced in 2009
- Smoke-free enclosed public workplaces introduced in 2009
Jim F. Thrasher (Principal Investigator)
Mexico Contact Information
Mary McNally, Project Manager. Email: email@example.com
James Thrasher, Principal Investigator. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
ITC Affiliated Institutions:
Sources: World Health Organization, CIA World Factbook, Shafey et al 2003 (http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_data/country_profiles/en/index.html)