Developing the Evidence Base for FCTC Policies

Developing the Evidence Base for FCTC Policies

Presenters Session 1

Session Leader: Geoffrey T. Fong, Ph.D.
Chief Principal Investigator, ITC Project
Professor, Dept of Psychology and School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, and Senior Investigator, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

Bio: Dr. Geoffrey T. Fong is Professor in the Department of Psychology and the School of Public Health and Health Systems at the University of Waterloo and Senior Investigator at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research. He received his undergraduate honours degree in psychology at Stanford University and his doctorate in social psychology from the University of Michigan. Dr. Fong has also held faculty positions at Northwestern and Princeton. Dr. Fong is Founder and Chief Principal Investigator of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project (the ITC Project). Dr. Fong is an editor (with Frank Chaloupka and Ayda Yurekli) of the forthcoming NCI/WHO Monograph on the Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Control and has served as a consultant to the WHO and to a number of countries on tobacco control issues. Dr. Fong also has expertise in a broad range of other research domains in health behaviour, including the effects of alcohol intoxication on risky health behaviors, and on behavioral interventions to reduce HIV/STD risk among inner-city adolescents. Dr. Fong has been a principal investigator or co-principal investigator on over 20 research grants awarded to the ITC Project, including the largest open competition operating grant ever awarded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (2011–16).  In 1999, Dr. Fong was awarded the Distinguished Teaching Award at the University of Waterloo. In 2006, Dr. Fong was the first researcher to be named as a Senior Investigator at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, a five-year award providing $1.4 million in research funding. In 2009, Dr. Fong and Waterloo colleagues Mary E. Thompson and David Hammond, on behalf of the ITC Project, received an inaugural “Top Canadian Achievement in Health Research Award” by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research and the Canadian Medical Association Journal. In 2010, Dr. Fong was awarded a five-year Prevention Scientist Award from the Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute. And in November 2011, Dr. Fong received the 2011 CIHR Knowledge Translation Award for his work in disseminating ITC findings to governments, researchers, and advocates throughout the world.

Ute Mons
German Cancer Research Center
Unit Cancer Prevention
Presentation

Additional resources

Presentation Background:
 Ute Mons and Gera Nagelhout will present findings evaluating smoke-free legislation with data from the ITC Europe Surveys.  Ute Mons will give an overview of the different smoke-free policies in Europe and their differential impacts.  The implementation of smoke-free hospitality industry legislation in Ireland, France, Germany, and the Netherlands led to a marked decrease of smoking in restaurants and bars, while support for smoke-free restaurants and bars increased.  At the same time there is no indication of a displacement of smoking into the private home.  Gera Nagelhout will demonstrate that some smokers are also stimulated to quit smoking due to the implementation of smoke-free legislation.  She will present a study showing the pathways of change from individual exposure to smoke-free legislation on smoking cessation, as hypothesized in the ITC Conceptual Model.

Bio: Ute Mons studied Sociology and Economics at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, from which she graduated in 2007.  Since then, she has been working as a researcher at the German Cancer Research Center.  She has been working in various projects in the field of tobacco control and cancer prevention, and is also responsible for the ITC Germany Project.  She is currently finalizing her doctoral thesis, in which she evaluates the German smoke-free legislation using data from the ITC Europe Surveys.

Gera Nagelhout
Maastricht University, Researcher at STIVORO the Dutch Expert Centre on Tobacco Control
Presentation

Presentation Background: Ute Mons and Gera Nagelhout will present findings evaluating smoke-free legislation with data from the ITC Europe Surveys.  Ute Mons will give an overview of the different smoke-free policies in Europe and their differential impacts.  The implementation of smoke-free hospitality industry legislation in Ireland, France, Germany, and the Netherlands led to a marked decrease of smoking in restaurants and bars, while support for smoke-free restaurants and bars increased.  At the same time there is no indication of a displacement of smoking into the private home.  Gera Nagelhout will demonstrate that some smokers are also stimulated to quit smoking due to the implementation of smoke-free legislation.  She will present a study showing the pathways of change from individual exposure to smoke-free legislation on smoking cessation, as hypothesized in the ITC Conceptual Model.

Bio: Gera E Nagelhout graduated in 2007 as a Master of Science for her study Mass Communication with the specialization health promotion and government communication.  Since 2007, she has worked as a researcher for STIVORO, the Dutch Expert Centre on Tobacco Control.  Starting in 2008, she has been working on her PhD at the Department of Health Promotion, School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), Maastricht University, the Netherlands, where she is studying the effects of smoke-free legislation on smokers using data from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation (ITC) Project.

Jiang Yuan, MD MSc MPH
China Center for Disease Control
Presentation

Bio: Dr. Jiang Yuan holds a Masters degree from Chlualongkorn University in Health Economics and MPH from Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine.  She is Deputy Director of Tobacco Control Office, China CDC since 2002.  The Chinese government signed the FCTC on November 10, 2003.  Jiang Yuan and her colleagues work closely with MOH and other related Ministries to prepare for ratification.  Under the leadership of MOH, Jiang Yuan and her colleague coordinate the national tobacco control program which support by Chinese central government from 2006.  The main purpose of the project it to increase the tobacco control capacity and to build the national tobacco control network.  The project including two main components: surveillance which provide further intervention information and intervention.  Jiang also was the coordinator of the Chinese International Quit and Win in 2002.  With the support of Bloomberg Foundation, she worked together with Beijing Patriotic Committee and Beijing Health Bureau on the 2008 Smoking free Olympic Game from 2006.  Jiang Yuan is the Principal Investigator of ITC China, which cover 7 cities in China and provides useful information to evaluate tobacco control in China.

Session 2

G. Emmanuel Guindon, Ph.D.
Research Scientist,
Propel Centre for Population Health Impact, University of Waterloo

Presentation

Bio: Emmanuel Guindon is a scientist at the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact and an Assistant Research Professor in the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo.  Dr. Guindon holds degrees in economics and health research methodology.

Prior to joining the University of Waterloo, Dr. Guindon was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Illinois at Chicago Institute for Health Research and Policy.  Dr. Guindon was a founding member of WHO’s Tobacco Free Initiative and its first economist.  Dr. Guindon has conducted studies that examine the impact of tobacco prices and taxes on tobacco use in developing countries (Vietnam, India, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile).  Dr. Guindon is a member of the ITC Project’s Economic Analysis Group and is currently involved in analyzing data across 18 ITC countries.

Dr. Guindon’s research interests cover a broad array of topics in health economics, health services research and health policy.  He has a particular interest in issues related to the economics of tobacco control. He also has a keen interest in healthcare financing and funding, especially in the impact of health insurance on health services utilization and health outcomes and in research methods, ranging from survival and multilevel analyses to impact evaluations.

Premduth Burhoo
Mauritius Institute of Health
Presentation

Presentation Background: Findings from the ITC Policy Evaluation Survey Mauritius
Leelmanee Moussa and Premduth Burhoo will present findings from the ITC Mauritius Survey.  Mrs Moussa will give an overview of the tobacco control landscape in Mauritius with focus on the key tobacco control provisions of the new FCTC-compliant legislation passed in 2008. Mr Burhoo will discuss using data from the ITC Surveys in Mauritius the psychological and behavioral impact of the tobacco control policies in the key policy domains of the WHO FCTC.  Cross-country comparisons will be provided for illustrative purposes.  The implications of the ITC survey findings for future tobacco control efforts in Mauritius will also be highlighted.

Bio: Mr Premduth Burhoo holds a postgraduate degree in Research Methodology.  Since 1992, he is Senior Research Officer at the Mauritius Institute of Health and is actively involved in Health Systems Research.  He has also been involved in collaborative research projects with various international organizations and researchers.  Between April 2008 and February 2011, he was the Project Leader of the Mauritius African Tobacco Situation Analysis Initiative Project.  Since 2009, he is the Principal Investigator of the ITC Mauritius Survey Team and has so far conducted Waves 1, 2 and 3 of the ITC Mauritius Survey.  He has acted as Regional Coordinator (Africa Region) for the WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011.

Leelmanee Moussa
Senior research officer
Mauritius Institute of Healt
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Presentation Background: Findings from the ITC Policy Evaluation Survey Mauritius
Leelmanee Moussa and Premduth Burhoo will present findings from the ITC Mauritius Survey.  Mrs Moussa will give an overview of the tobacco control landscape in Mauritius with focus on the key tobacco control provisions of the new FCTC-compliant legislation passed in 2008. Mr Burhoo will discuss using data from the ITC Surveys in Mauritius the psychological and behavioral impact of the tobacco control policies in the key policy domains of the WHO FCTC.  Cross-country comparisons will be provided for illustrative purposes.  The implications of the ITC survey findings for future tobacco control efforts in Mauritius will also be highlighted.

Bio: Mrs Leelmanee Moussa is a senior research officer at the Mauritius Institute of Health since 2004 after a career of 22 years as a graduate nurse working namely in the immediate cardiac post-operative intensive care unit. She was also responsible for the Non-communicable Diseases (NCD) mobile screening unit where she provided health education and advice to citizens on how to modify their NCD risk factors especially on smoking prevention and cessation.  As from May 2008 to date, she has been involved in tobacco control research under the African Tobacco Situation Analysis (ATSA) initiative.  She is a co-investigator for the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project Mauritius Surveys in collaboration with the University of Waterloo, Canada.  Supplemental data collection was added within Wave 2 of the ITC Mauritius Survey for a sub-study entitled “Variation in Cigarettes, Tobacco Use Behaviors and Exposures in ITC Countries”. Mrs Moussa is also a co-investigator for the National Cancer Registry of Mauritius.

Nigar Nargis
University of Dhaka, Bangladesh
Presentation

Additional resources

Presentation Background: Economic Analysis Using ITC Data: Developing the Evidence Base for FCTC Policies 
In her presentation, Nigar Nargis will show how ITC data can be used for economic analysis.  By following nationally representative sample of smokers over time from a mix of over 10 high-income countries and 10 low- and middle-income countries, the ITC survey presents a unique global data set to study the dynamics of individual smoking behavior in relation to their changing tobacco purchase pattern in multiple dimensions (e.g., brand, type of product, volume and source of purchase).  It allows for comparison of tobacco consumption pattern both across countries and sub-populations (e.g., by age groups, gender, socio-economic status) within countries.  In addition, it can help identify how changing socio-economic status of individuals can contribute to changes in individual affordability and consumption of tobacco over time.  This causality can help explain the dynamics of price sensitivity in countries experiencing high income growth. Finally, with nationally representative sample, the distribution of smokers in the sample and their purchase prices can be used to obtain population level projections of overall revenue gain from a tax increase as well as the distribution of tax burden in the existing and changed tax structures.  Thus the welfare implications of tobacco taxation can be analyzed using ITC data.

Bio: Nigar Nargis received her BSS and MSS degrees in Economics from the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.  She began her research career as a Research Associate at Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies. She completed PhD in Economics from Cornell University, USA. She is currently an Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics in the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.  With a post-doctoral fellowship from the Strategic Training Program in Tobacco Research of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research during 2006-2009, Nigar began working with the ITC Project team at the Department of Psychology in the University of Waterloo in Canada.  She is currently the Principal Investigator of the ITC Bangladesh Project.

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