Canada was chosen as part of the original four ITC survey countries because it is a world-leader in tobacco control policies, such as smoke-free laws. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control was signed on July 15, 2003, and later ratified on November 26, 2004.
|Capital City||Ottawa, Ontario|
|Population (2006 estimate)||33,098,932|
|Life expectancy at birth (2002 estimate)||Men: 78.0 years, Women: 83.0 years|
|Healthy life expectancy (2002 estimate)||Men: 70.1 years, Women: 74.0 years|
|Ethnic groups||British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, Other European 15%, Amerindian 2% , Other (mostly Asian, African, Arab) 6%, Mixed background 26%|
|Languages||English (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, Other 17.5%|
|GDP per capita (2004)||$31, 389|
Smoking Prevalence and Associated Costs:
Cigarettes are the main form of tobacco used.
The prevalence of smoking among male adults in 2001 was 21.7%, and prevalence in females was 19.6%. In general, smoking rates have been dropping since 1996.
In 2002, it was reported that 72% of Inuit Canadians smoke. The province with the highest smoking rate was Quebec, with 26%.
46,000 deaths in 1995 were attributable to smoking, which represents 23% of all deaths in Canada during that year.
Tobacco Legislation includes a complete advertising ban in 1991, warning labels on cigarette packages, and a minimum national purchasing age of 18, although three provinces have raised their minimums to 19 years old.
Cigarette ignition propensity regulations were implemented in June 2005.
- Light/mild descriptors were baned in February 2007.
Geoffrey Fong (Chief Principal Investigator)
Chang Bao Wu
Chang Bao Wu
Canada Contact Information
Janine Ouimet, Project Manager. Email: email@example.com
ITC Affiliated Institutions:
Sources: World Health Organizations, CIA World Factbook, Tobacco in Canada (Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada, 2003).