Canada was chosen as part of the original four ITC survey countries because it is a world-leader in tobacco control policies, such as smoke-free laws.  The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control was signed on July 15, 2003, and later ratified on November 26, 2004.
Country Profile:
Capital City Ottawa, Ontario
Population (2006 estimate) 33,098,932
Life expectancy at birth (2002 estimate) Men: 78.0 years, Women: 83.0 years
Healthy life expectancy (2002 estimate) Men:  70.1 years, Women: 74.0 years
Ethnic groups British Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, Other European 15%, Amerindian 2% , Other (mostly Asian, African, Arab) 6%, Mixed background 26%
Languages English (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, Other 17.5%
GDP per capita (2004) $31, 389
Median age 38.9
Literacy 99%
Smoking Prevalence and Associated Costs:
  • Cigarettes are the main form of tobacco used.
  • The prevalence of smoking among male adults in 2001 was 21.7%, and prevalence in females was 19.6%.  In general, smoking rates have been dropping since 1996.
  • In 2002, it was reported that 72% of Inuit Canadians smoke.  The province with the highest smoking rate was Quebec, with 26%.
  • 46,000 deaths in 1995 were attributable to smoking, which represents 23% of all deaths in Canada during that year.
Smoking Policies:
  • Tobacco Legislation includes a complete advertising ban in 1991, warning labels on cigarette packages, and a minimum national purchasing age of 18, although three provinces have raised their minimums to 19 years old.
  • Cigarette ignition propensity regulations were implemented in June 2005.
  • Light/mild descriptors were baned in February 2007.
ITC Researchers:
Geoffrey Fong (Chief Principal Investigator)
Christian Boudreau
Steve Brown
Sharon Campbell
David Hammond
Paul McDonald
Mary Thompson
Chang Bao Wu
Mark Zanna
Canada Contact Information
Janine Ouimet, Project Manager. Email:
ITC Affiliated Institutions:
Sources: World Health Organizations, CIA World Factbook, Tobacco in Canada (Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada, 2003).

Click here for the ITC Canada survey questionnaires»

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